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Shaanxi Provincial Museum

An Introduction to Shaanxi Provincial Museum

Xi’an was the imperial capital in ancient time, and more than 13 (the number is the largest in China, even bigger than Beijing) feudal dynasties built their capitals here including Zhou, Qin, Han, and Tang etc. Therefore to some extent the history demonstrated in the museum can be viewed a condensed history of the whole Chinese nation.

Shaanxi Provincial Museum is the first huge state museum with modern facilities in China. The architecture of the museum is simple, unsophisticated, elegant and unique in style. It combines the construction of the ancient Chinese palaces and courtyard buildings, harmonious and graceful in hue, and demonstrates the Chinese traditional architectural style. The museum houses the best cultural heritage of Shaanxi Province and shows the systematic development process of Chinese civilization.

The museum is located in northwest of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It houses 113,000 historic and cultural relics unearthed in Shaanxi. The display area measures 1100m2. All the exhibitions vividly depict the history of Shaanxi Province from 1,150,000 years ago to 1840 AD. Historically, 15 dynasties have established their capitals in Shaanxi Province.

The modern museum was built between 1983 and 2001. The two-storied primary pavilion is divided into an introductory hall, permanent exhibitions, special exhibitions, and temporary exhibitions, as well as one that has been named the National Painting Hall.

The Museum's permanent exhibition primarily displays Shaanxi's ancient history. Representative pieces from all periods have been selected to show the development of civilization in this region. Since several historical periods all based their capitals on Shaanxi territory, such as Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui and Tang, the exhibits emphasize these periods and these places. The exhibition space of this display includes three exhibition rooms, divided into seven parts (Pre-history, Zhou, Qin, Han, Wei-Jin-North and South dynasties, Sui-Tang, and Song-Yuan-Ming-Qing). The temporary exhibits hall has had a variety of exhibitions including Tang-tomb wall paintings which rank first in the entire country. The special exhibition hall has a Shaanxi bronzes exhibit (260 pieces were on display) and a Shaanxi-through-the-dynasties terracotta masterpieces exhibit (341 objects were exhibited).

The more representative of these desplays include bronzes, Tang-dynasty tomb wall paintings, terracotta statuary, ceramics (pottery and porcelain), construction materials through the dynasties, Han and Tang bronze mirrors, and coins and currency, calligraphy, rubbings, scrolls, woven articles, bone articles, wooden and lacquer and iron and stone objects, seals, as well as some contemporary cultural relics and ethnic objects. All of this is accompanied by models of archaeological sites, and drawings, and photographs.

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Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum
  • Shaanxi Provincial Museum

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