Xi'an, a major historical city, was called Changan in ancient times. During its 3,100 years of development, 12 dynasties, including the Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, and Tang, made their capitals here for over 1,100 years, leaving abundant legacies to the city. During the Western Han and Tang dynasties, Xi'an was China's political, economic, cultural, and foreign exchange center, where people from all over the world lived in harmony. It was also the first stop on the Silk Road, linking up the oriental and western civilizations. The saying "In the east, there is Rome, in the west, Changan," best described the position of Xi'an at that time. Nowadays, Xi'an enjoys an equal fame with Athens, Cairo, and Rome as "one of the four major capitals of ancient civilization".
Xi'an is a city with glorious revolutionary traditions. During the Anti-Japanese War, Xi'an was both a gateway to guard the Vast Northwest and a hub of communication for connecting the anti-Japanese base areas in enemy's rear with the Big Rear Area, and contributed greatly to the victory of the Anti-Japanese War. Especially in 1936, the Xi'an Incident took place inside the city walls during the Chinese Civil War. The incident brought the Kuomintang (KMT) and Communist Party of China to a truce to in order to concentrate on fighting against the Japanese Invasion.
In present, Xi'an not much of its former glory remains within the city confines, due to the constant warfare and political changes that swept China particularly throughout the 20th Century. Today the city has a pleasant cosmopolitan flare to it and it is worth visiting for the famed Terracotta Warriors alone. It has often been said that, "if you have not been to Xi'an, you have not been to China!“
Xian boasts more than 4,000 historical sites, with over 120,000 pieces of unearthed cultural relics. Famous places of historical figures and cultural heritage include the Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses, Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, Banpo Village Remains, the City Wall of the Ming Dynasty, the Forest of Stone Steles Museum, the Bell Tower, the Drum Tower, Huaqing Pool, and the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, and Small Wild Goose Pagoda. The natural landscape around Xi'an is also marvelous.
Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum lies 1.5 km east of The Tomb of Qin Shihuang, known as the First Emperor, who unified China 2200 years ago. The great archeological excavation of Qin (221BC-206BC) Terracotta Warriors and Horses unfolded a strong army of altogether 7,000 life-size pottery soldiers, horses, chariots and weapons arranged in battle formations symbolically, guarding the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang. The grand Mausoleum of the first emperor of Qin and the warriors and horses buried in loess for over 2,000 years amaze every visitor there.
Huaqing Hot Springs
Huaqing Hot Springs situated at the northern foot of Mt. Lishan in Lintong County, 30 kilometers from Xian City, Huaqing Hot Spring is famed for both its dainty spring scenery and the romantic love story of Emperor Xuanzong (685-762) and his concubine Yang Guifei in the Tang Dynasty. The present day site is only a small part of the Tang Dynasty Palace, covering an area of 85,560 square meters. Entering by the west gate to the hot spring, you will see Nine Dragon Pool, Lotus Flower Pool and Frost Drifting Hall. All these structures were rebuilt in 1959 according to the Tang architectural style.
Xian, capital of Shaanxi Province, lies in the middle of the Guanzhong Basin with the Weihe River to its north. As a whole, Xian covers an area of 9983 square kilometers and has a population of 6230000.
Xi'an is in the area of Eastern Asia warm temperate zone continental monsoon climate, the climate in Xi'an is warmer and more humid. The annual average precipitation of the urban district is 584.9mm. The weather is generally pleasant all year round, but spring and autumn would be the best seasons to visit Xi'an.
In Xian, the railway and the highway are very convenient. The airplanes can take you to nearly forty cities both in China and abroad. It is easily reachable. The urban public transportation system of Xi'an is also among the most advanced and convenient in China. Xi'an Food
Shaanxi Cuisine, also known as Qin Cuisine, is the representative culinary achievement in the northwest China. The special cooking skills of the local chefs, including Tun (deep-fry), Qiang (fry quickly in hot oil, then cook with sauce and water), Chao (stir-fry), Zheng (cook by use of steam), Dun (braise) and so on. And is it’s frequently use of salt, vinegar, capsicum and garlic, making the savory flavor of sour, spicy and fragrant. Xian is legendary as 'the capital of table delicacies'. Visitors to Xian must do two things: one is to see the clay figures of terra cotta warriors and horses. The other is to taste Yang Rou Pao Mo (a soup dish that involves breaking wheat flour flat bread into a bowl and adding a delicious mutton stock). Xi'an specialties include: Biang Biang Mian, Rou Jia Mo, Dumpling Banquet and so on. You can visit the Moslem Street to find the featured Xian snacks.
The Tang Dynasty Show offers you the chance to experience a traditional Chinese evening. The Tang Dynasty is regarded as the most progressive and prosperous era in the days of Imperial china and its music and dance symbolize the glory and beauty of Chinese civilization.
The music fountain in the North Square of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda is the biggest one in Asia. The Fountain and Music Show has the most benches, the longest light-belt, and the largest-scale acoustic complex in the world.